L’INGLESE è la prima lingua internazionale, perciò chi non lo avesse come madrelingua, dovrebbe impararlo come seconda lingua, ...

con buona pace di esperanto e di altre lingue magari più funzionali per la precisione semantica (come il tedesco) o perché assai promossa (come il francese 2ª lingua insegnata al mondo) o per il connubio con l’arte (come l’italiano 4ª lingua insegnata/mondo) o per il numero di persone che la parlano ordinariamente (come il cinese e lo spagnolo). Il che a prescindere dalle simpatie o antipatie per i governi di Uk e Us.

Links utili: <duolingo, duolingo; elllo, lettore, ConiugazioneVerbi, GoogleTranslate; LevelTtest> Leggi e ascolta <Obama’s>

DIFFERENZE USA-UK: color/colour

<ilpost> Perché in inglese grafia e pronuncia sono così irregolari? Se lo “spelling” è così imprevedibile dipende soprattutto da come si diffuse la stampa a caratteri mobili in Gran Bretagna, che lì iniziò in un momento in cui c’era un vuoto normativo tra la lingua parlata e quella scritta.

[Pagina senza pretese di esaustività o imparzialità, modificata 12/09/2021; col colore grigio distinguo i miei commenti rispetto al testo attinto da altri]

Pagine correlate: Uk, Us, Ue, italiano

 

Non prendere questa pagina come istruttiva; è ad uso mio come brogliaccio di appunti.

 

↑202a.mm.gg FALSI AMICI. Annoyed (infastidito); bored (annoiato); greedily (avidamente); hardly (quasi appena a stento); quite/pretty (piuttosto, abbastanza); definitely (sicuramente); magazine (rivista); desk (scrivania non tavolo); box (scatola non garage). I introduce the students (presento). He demands an answer (richiede). Give me the application tomorrow (domanda, richiesta). The library (biblioteca). Contest (concorso; contesto=context). Stamp (francobollo; stampa=press)

DOPPI SIGNIFICATI stories (le storie ma anche i piani come floors)

 

↑202a.mm.gg MODI DI DIRE We were following him for five months (lo seguivamo da 5 mesi), We have known each other for years (ci conosciamo da anni). Talk to me on the phone! (parla con me al telefono!). I am independent of ... What else is there? Twice a month. The time is on the clock (l'ora è sull...). They stop and look around (non look at); it looks like an egg(sembra); none of them look like my husband. (assomiglia a). You look sad (sembri triste); this seemed like an adventure. (sembrava√un'avventura); I have to look for my pen (devo cercare la mia penna). Guardare look/watch: I looked at you (ti ho guardato oppure I watched you, ma I did not look in the box, mentre I did watch television. What is college like? (com'è l'università?). My sister is not like this (non è così; anche like that); the door opens like this (si apre così). The French are like them (sono come loro: non as ma like).. He takes two classes (segue 2 corsi). We take a trip out west (facciamo un viaggio verso ovest); the trip in May is for you. He is on a journey in Europe (è in viaggio per l'Europahe travels to Europe (in). Here we are (eccoci qua); The departure is in an hour (tra); What is the departure time? (ora di p); Pasta is different in the south (la pasta è differente al sud/ occorre articolo). We turn towards the airport (ci giriamo verso); i drive around (faccio un giro in macchina); we turned around (ci siamo voltati, mala macchina si è girata the car turned senza around); they walked around the corner (hanno girato l'angolo);  the same ship is at port (la stessa nave è nel porto); the road goes towards the square (non the street); Take the road to the right (prendi la strada a destra; ci vuole articolo); a flight to Mexico (per il ..). Our kitchen (o cousine?) is international. Germany is to the North. He is Italian by birth. I believe he is American (io credo che ...). You drive the car. This year the century ends. Whose glasses are these (di chi sono questi occhiali? Ma anche whose are these glasses?). I miss you (mi manchi). My grandmother lives on her own (vive da sola). Where do you live? (dove abiti?). As far as i know, he is in  America (per quanto io ne sappia, lui è ). Put on your glasses, that way you see her! (così la vedi). here with us it is not legal (qui da noi non è legale); I walks to school (vado a scuola a piedi). The preparation of the meal takes an hour (richiede non demands). It rained all month (tutto il). They liked each other right away (si piacquero subito). For months he went after my enemy (per mesi stette dietro al mio nemico). I went to fish (andai a pescare). He played twice (suonò due volte); this one is for us (questo è per noi). None of us are perfect. Non capisco perché si dica They ate ma non they drank bensì They have drunk. I looked around (mi sono guardato attorno). I have to go to the bank (devo andare ...). Is there something else that you want me to do? (C'è qualcos'altro che vuoi che io faccia? Oppure that I do). Do you want me to help you (vuoi che ti aiuti?) Do you want me to take you home? (vuoi che ti porti a casa?) What do you want me to tell you? (cosa vuoi che ti dica?). I want him to open the door for me (voglio che lui mi apra la porta). I want to try it one more time ci voglio provare un'altra volta. My brother wants to change his shirt (vuole cambiarsi la maglia). However much you want. (... quanto vuoi). We have so much to offer (abbiamo tanto da offrire). The book found is not the one that I wanted (non è quello che). I have one thing to say. How do I get to the airport? (come posso raggiungere l'aeroporto?). I like to get caffee with ... (mi piace prendere il caffé con ...).. My mother never went out (non usciva mai). Do you ever think about me? (mi pensi mai?). Do I need to set the table? (devo preparare la tavola?). Do you ever think about me? (Mi pensi mai?). What does it show? (cosa dimostra?). He does not show his age (non dimostra la sua età). We made all of it (l'abbiamo fatta tutta). It was here that I saw her (era qua che io l'ho vista). You do not have to give it to me (non me lo deviu dare). What do you have to offer a woman? (√a una donna). I do not know [it] (non lo so: con o senza it). We did not use to drink coffee (non bevevamo caffè). She is in love with my brother è innamorata di

 

↑202a.mm.gg AUDIO quasi INCOMPRENSIBILI per me dir: es01.mp3, 02 03>; <mp3> She is wearing the same dress that she had on yesterday; <mp3> he has a girl on each arm: <mp3> what is your title?

scene [sin]; The famous writer is in prison; he ends up in prison; it is their zone; we are with the people; this is an important letter. He answers my letter (risponde alla mia lettera); The wheel turns (gira la ruota), I watched the image. We found the root of the problem

 

2021.mm.gg storie e parole da ripassare: grade, grades, choices, views

steaks bistecche; lettuce lattuga; fries patatine fritte

We do need more spaces (perché do?)

fun divertente; stranger sconosciuto

we have two seats together (abbiamo due posti vicini sull'aereo)

What does she look like? (che aspetto ha?)

Julia has a date at a restaurant (ha un appuntamento); I'm your dad's date (sto uscendo con tuo papà)

to take a train ride (fare un giro in treno)

Who is this? (chi è? Al telefono)

The new shopping mall (nuovo centro commerciale). It's the same mall we usually go to

I have a big dog in here with me! A dog is a lot of work

Wow! This looks great! (ottimo, fantastico) You are very responsible.

Job interview (colloquio di lavoro). To exercise (fare ginnastica)

good morning, honey (tesoro, dolcezza); yuck (che schifo)

We have boots and jakets (stivali e giacche) (non confondere con boat barca).

 

2021.09.11 futuro

I will never change my mind (non cambierò mai idea); that will change nothing (quello non cambierà niente).

If it is old it will break (se è vecchio si romperà)

 

2021.08.17 Medicina

sick malato; foot/feet (piede/piedi); mouth bocca;

The medicine has no effect on the patient (la medicina non ha alcun effetto sul paziente)

This puts your health in danger (questo mette in pericolo la tua salute)

This body has no life (questo corpo è senza vita). The men have large bodies (Gli uomini hanno corpi grandi)

The mother takes care of her children (la madre si prende cura dei suoi figli). Does she want me to take care of it? (vuole che ci pensi io?). He took care of everything after they died (Lui si prese cura di tutto dopo che morirono). She takes care of the food (lei si occupa del cibo)

The dog felt my hand (il cane ha sentito la mia mano)

It is bad for the head (non fa bene alla testa). I do not know what was going through his head (Non so cosa gli passasse per la testa)

health is everything (la salute è tutto)

The man died of cancer (è morto di cancro); he has cancer in his brain (ha il cancro al cervello)

What is the purpose of such treatment?

Open your heart! [cuore si pronuncia hart]. What he says sounds as if it were coming from the heart (Quello che dice suona come se venisse dal cuore). I did not know that he had a weak heart (Non sapevo che avesse un cuore debole).

I hope this helps someone else (qualcun altro).

he has asked for my help (ha chiesto il mio aiuto).

The doctors try to understand the new disease (I dottori cercano di capire la nuova malattia

How do you believe the patients feel? (Come credete che si sentano i pazienti?)

I want better communication between the doctor and the patient (voglio UNA miglior comunicazione...)

The majority of my patients come from out of town. This is not a patient in this hospital (non è un paziente DI questo sopedale)

The patient's condition changes each day (la condizione del paziente cambia ogni giorno)

I feel sick whenever I see blood (Mi sento male ogni volta che vedo sangue). I feel very ill (mi sento malissimo). He feels weak after his illness (si sente debole dopo la sua malattia); i have an ill cat (ho un gatto malato)

The disease has four stages (la malattia ha 4 stadi)

My grandmother has had three operations this year (ha avuto...)

My vision is normal (la mia vista è normale; sarebbe sbagliato my sight)

she goes to school on foot (a piedi) or she walks to school

The pain started yesterday (il dolore è iniziato ieri)

I am on a diet (sono a dieta)

I have a skin problem (ho un problema alla pelle)

The drugs made him different (le droghe lo hanno reso diverso)

She felt something touch her neck (lei sentì qualcosa toccare il suo collo); How is your neck [going]? (come va il tuo collo?). Today I have neck pain.

She is famous for her long legs (lei è famosa per le sue gambe lunghe)

There has been an accident (c'è stato un incidente)

It was love at first sight (fu amore a prima vista)

I have a pain in my chest (ho un dolore al petto, torace)

I am all ears (sono tutto orecchi); he has an ear for music (ha oreecchio per la musica)

I have to get something off my chest (devo togliermi qualcosa dal petto; devo sputare il rospo)

Her lips are very red (le sue labbra sono rossissime)

Why do you want to be a nurse? (perché vuoi diventare un infermiere?)

He has blood on his back (ha del sangue sulla schiena). I am happy that you watched my back (Sono contento che tu mi abbia guardato le spalle). Tomorrow I go back home (Domani ritorno a casa). He speaks behind his back (lui parla alle sue spalle)

She has green eyes (lei ha GLI occhi verdi). I wanted her to look in my eyes (volevo che lei mi guardasse negli occhi)

Where is the emergency exit? (dov'è l'uscita DI emergenza? Sarebbe sbagliato emergency's)

I feel sick (mi sento m ale)

to eat fish is good for the health (mangiare pesce fa bene alla salute)

This puts your health in danger (questo mette in pericolo la tua salute)

She has a very pretty face (Lei ha un volto/faccia molto carino)

there is a hair in my soup (c'è un pelo nella mia zuppa)

She had lost a large amount of blood (lei aveva perso una gran quantità di sangue)

This young man has blue hair (questo GIOVANE ...)

do I need/have to change my diet? (devo cambiare la dieta?)

I have nothing to do with this accident (non ho niente a che fare con questo incidente)

the water was coming up to our necks (L'acqua ci arrivava al collo)

She has big teeth (lei ha denti grandi; sbagliato large)

Spanish is her mother tongue (Lo spagnolo è la sua madrelingua). Tongue twister scioglilingua. Both animals have blue tongues (Entrambi GLI animali hanno le lingue azzurre). He puts it on his tongue (lo mette sulla lingua)

His enemy had died of the same illness (Il suo nemico era morto della stessa malattia)

The newspaper says there is a new virus (Il giornale dice che c'è un virus nuovo)

I know him by sight (lo conosco di vista)

 

2021.08.05 Comunicazione

I have a couple of comments for you (ho un paio di commenti per te)

there are no comments yet (non ci sono ancora commenti)

The text is too small to read (troppo piccolo da leggere; non for reading); He is too young to use the Internet (troppo giovane per ...); I am too tired to keep walking; he is too tired to study; ma ... This bed is too hard for sleeping (questo letto è troppo duro per dormire); She is too serious for humor (lei è troppo seria per l'umorismo)

We are in search of new knowledge (in cerca di ...). The search for the victim continues (la ricerca della vittima continua)

This is private information (queste sono in formazioni private): Do you have enough information? (informazioni?) (Singolare/Plurale)

press=stampa, maa ... You have to press hard right here (devi premere forte proprio qui)

We need a new communication system (abbiamo bisogno di un nuovo sistema di comunicazione); Through communication we are able to learn (Attraverso la comunicazione riusciamo ad imparare)

The famous building is on the postcard (L'edificio famoso è sulla cartolina)

I took the message to him (gli portai il messaggio)

To listen to the messages press three (Per ascoltare i messaggi, premere tre)

The Internet has given me many possibilities (Internet mi ha dato molte possibilità: nota l'articolo)

Only the teacher has access to that room (Soltanto l'insegnante ha accesso a quella stanza)

This postcard needs another stamp (Questa cartolina ha bisogno di un francobollo in più)

My brother told the story to the journalist (mio fratello ha raccontato la storia al giornalista)

I think everything begins with communication (penso che tutto inizi con la comunicazione)

The three men tell their stories (i tre uomini raccontano le loro storie).

 

2021.07.19 Arte

I thought this only happened in movies (Pensavo che questo succedesse solo nei film)

He does not like the music I listen to (Non gli piace la musica che ascolto)

Did you remember to film everything? (Vi siete ricordati di filmare tutto?)

These pants are in style (questi pantaloni vanno di moda)

She has a good figure because she swims every day (lei ha un bel fisico perché nuota ogni giorno)

We heard a sound in the kitchen (abbiamo sentito un rumore in cucina)

The clock makes a sound one time every hour (l'orologio fa un suono ogni ora)

Thank you for seeing my film (grazie per aver visto il mio film)

They wrote poetry in Chinese (scrivevano poesie in cinese; attento che poetry non va al plurale, come equipment per attrezzi)

All of his poetry is about love (Tutta la sua poesia riguarda l'amore

My sister reads fashion magazines (mia sorella legge riviste di moda); This year's fashions are completely different (le mode di quest'anno). Your skirt is out of fashion (fuori moda).

I have an important role in the movie (Ho un ruolo importante nel film)

My sister listens to me play the flute / violin (mia sorella mi ascolta suonare il flauto / violino)

She wrote poetry as a child (Scriveva poesie da bambina)

This instrument is important in the next section

She works with different theater, music and dance schools (Lavora con diverse scuole di teatro, musica e danza)

My mother knows everything about French literature (Mia madre sa tutto sulla letteratura francese)

This painting is special to me (dipinto speciale per me) painting≠picture

The audience knew the group (il pubblico conosceva il gruppo); how large is the audience? (quanto grande è il pubblico?)

The band played a song (il complesso ha suonato una canzone)

Who won the contest? (chi ha vinto il concorso?)

The actresses wear expensive dresses (le attrici ...)

The restaurant opening was great (l'inaugurazione del ristorante è stata fantastica)

Grazie per aver visto il mio film (thank you for watching my movie / for seeing my film)

 

2021.07.04 sport. match (partita, in contro); athlete (atleta),

The player takes another step (il giocatore fa un altro passo); He took a step towards me (ha fatto un passo verso di me)

path sentiero; basketball pallacanestro

I like sports (gli sport)

I went for a walk to get some air (Sono andata a fare una passeggiata per prendere dell'aria); he went out to get some air (è andato fuori per pregdere un po' d'aria)

Do you think that the ball went in? (Credete che la palla sia entrata?). Pass the ball! (passa la palla!)

The football team is on the field (è in campo); each player on the team has a girlfriend (ogni giocatore nella squadra ha una fidanzata)

We need one point to win (ci serve un punto per vincere).

They kick the ball (calciano il pallone); I kick the soccer ball (calcio il pallone da calcio); (soccer=football=calcio) pronunc sokker

I exercise two hours a day (mi esercito due ore al giorno)

What do they do at the gym? (Che cosa fanno in palestra?)

I work out in a gym two or three times a week (Mi alleno in una palestra due o tre volte alla settimana)

I work out in a gym two or three times a week (Mi alleno in una palestra due o tre volte alla settimana)

Training for a marathon is the true test (Allenarsi per una maratona è la vera prova)

We want to win the world championship (vogliamo vincere il campionato del mondo)

Here is a step (qui c'è un gradino)

i wish he were on our team (vorrei che lui fosse nella nostra squadra)

I went for a walk to get some air (Sono andata a fare una passeggiata per prendere dell'aria)

she scored many goals (lei ha segnato molti gol)

We need one point to win (Ci serve un punto per vincere)

What do they do at the gym? (cosa fanno in palestra?)

see you tomorrow at the gym (ci vediamo domani in palestra); see you in a bit (ci vediamo fra poco); we do not see ourselves (noi non ci vediamo); we have not seen each other since Wednesday (Noi non ci vediamo da mercoledì).

 

 

2021.06.11 participio e gerundio. She is getting older (lei sta invecchiando)

I am getting off at the next station (scendo alla prossima stazione)

It is getting late, I have to go (si sta facendo tardi, me ne devo andare)

You are getting big (stai diventando grande). I am getting tired (mi sto stancando)

We are getting to know each other (ci stiamo conoscendo)

She is having a baby (lei è incinta)

He is always studying (è sempre a studiare)

They were following different streets (seguivano strade diverse), He was following the street (lui seguiva la strada)

We are having a simple meal (stiamo facendo un pasto semplice)

Whom are you with? (con chi sei?)

He did not like that I was touching someone else's work (Non gli piaceva che toccavo il lavoro di qualcun altro). Is he waiting for someone? (sta aspettando qualcuno?)

I have been speaking all day (sono stato a parlare tutto il giorno)

You were speaking to my friend Laura (Stavi parlando con la mia amica Laura)

He was speaking to/with you (lui parlava con te)

I know the woman you are speaking of (conosco la donna della quale parli)

Con chi ho l'onore di parlare? With whom do i have the honor to speak? / With whom do I have the honor of speaking?

We all agree, including him (Siamo tutti d'accordo, incluso lui)

Everybody is waiting (tutti stanno aspettando)

I am thinking it over (ci sto pensando); we are thinking about it (ci stiamo pensando sopra)

You were thinking of me? (mi pensavi?). What was she thinking of doing? (Cosa credeva di fare lei?)

The first time I was thinking I had to go (la prima volta pensavo di dover andare; sarebbe errato tradurre "avevo pensato" perché sarebbe I had thought)

We are taking that class (stiamo frequentando quel corso)

Are we taking a plane? (andiamo in  aereo?)

he was taking me to school every day by car  (mi portava a scuola in macchina tutti i giorni)

The youth is taking a different road (i giovani stanno prendendo una strada diversa)

It is happening to me too (sta succedendo pure a me). What is happeniong with him? (cosa gli sta succedendo?)

I am coming with you (vengo con te)

I saw the light that was coming in (ho visto la luce che entrava)

My wife is wearing a blue dress. She was wearing glasses (lei portava gli occhiali)

The same thing is always happening (succede sempre la stessa cosa)

My brother was coming to get me from school (mio fratello mi veniva a prendere dalla scuola)

I see that your brothers are studying but you are not (... ma tu no)

I am going out (sto uscendo). i am not going anywhere (non sto andando da nessuna parte)

I feel like seeing the city (ho voglia di vedere la città)

I do not have time for reading.

Iniziare: She started eating (ha iniziato a mangiare); It is like starting again (è come ricominciare).

Finire: stop=interruzione, finish=completamento. They have almost finished playing; It has stopped raining (ha smesso...); they have finished reading (hanno finito di leggere; sarebbe errato They have stopped reading). I want to stop drinking wine. She ends her day by reading a book.

Continuare: He continues walking. I am too tired to keep walking (... per continuare a camminare). ). It kept on raining for a week (continuava a piovere per una settimana). We have to keep looking (dobbiamo continuare a cercare;

Provare: He tries going to the city. She was trying to eat (stava provando a mangiare).

I am tired of looking at the clock (sono stanco di guardare l'orologio

He is afraid of swimming (ha paura di nuotare). We like playing together.

Walking is good for you (camminare ti fa bene). Seeing you makes me happy (vederti mi fa felice)

Chinese writing does not use letters (la crittura cinese ...).

I always drink a glass of milk before going to bed (bevo sempre un bicchiere di latte prima di andare a letto)

He left his girlfriend without paying for dinner (ha lasciato la fidanzata senza pagare la cena)

Is it still raining? (sta ancora piovendo?)

Try doing it once more (Prova a farlo un'altra volta)

I know the group sitting over there (Conosco il gruppo seduto laggiù); I know the man sitting over there (  ,,, seduto di là)

I feel like doing something different (Ho voglia di fare qualcosa di diverso)

Who is responsible for leaving the window open? (Chi è responsabile per aver lasciato aperta la finestra?)

You stayed out all night without calling (Sei rimasto fuori tutta la notte senza chiamare)

He sometimes thinks about leaving (a volte lui pensa di andarsene)

do you know how many problems we are having? (Sai quanti problemi stiamo avendo?)

He did not like that I was touching someone else's work (Non gli piaceva che toccavo il lavoro di qualcun altro)

You were saying that she had died (dicevate che era morta)

He was talking to me every day oppure he used to talk to me every day (mi parlava ogni giorno)

Le davamo sempre dei libri nuovi: We would always give her new books / We always gave her new books / We were always giving her new books.

Non sto passando un periodo buono: i am not having a good time / I am not going through a good period.

Non ho un foglio per scrior vere: I do not have a sheet of paper for writing / i do not have a sheet of paper to write on

Stavamo guardando al cielo: we were watching the sky / We were looking at the sky

La settimana prossima andremo a nuotare: next week we are going swimming.

Leggevano tutti lo stesso giornale: everyone was reading the same newspaper.

Mi ricordo di averla vista l'anno scorso: i remember seeing her last year

Lui parla di andare in Spagna questo inverno : he is talking of going to Spain this winter / he talks about going to Spain this winter

We have to keep looking (dobbiamo continuare a cercare)

Non ho voglia di farlo: i do not want to do it / I do not feel like doing it

L'ho visto guardarmi; L'ho visto guardare verso di me: I saw him looking at me / I have seen him looking toward me / I saw him watching me.

Grazie per aver chiamato: thank you for calling.

Hanno quasi finito di suonare: they almost finished playing / They have nearly finished playing.

Pensavo che qualcuno andasse con te: I thought that someone was going with you

Mi scriveva molte lettere: she was writing me many letters / She was writing many letters to me

La settimana prossima andremo a nuotare: Next week we are going swimming

The reading of a book is like the visit of a friend (La lettura di un libro è come la visita di un amico)

 

2021.05.21 natura: We live in the real world (mondo fisico); There is a big world out there (c'è un mondo grande là fuori)

How is the weather today? (come è il tempo oggi?). Rose rosa. Leaf/leaves foglia/e.

where is my family's land? (dove sono i terreni della mia famiglia? Sbagliato tradurre il campo chde sarebbe field)

I have never seen a volcano (vulcano)

The woods are my home (il bosco è la mia casa) wood legno bosco; forest bosco foresta. Wood is an important material.

Do you have a light? (Hai da accendere?)

We do not go on the boat because there is no wind (non andiamo in barca perché ...)

What are you up to tonight? (cosa fai stasera?)

At what time do we have to get up?  (A che ora dobbiamo alzarci?)

I do not like the heat during the summer (non mi piace il calore dell'estate). We feel the heat of the engine (sentiamo il calore del motore)

There is a fire in the kitchen (c'è un incendio in cucina)

There is no fire without smoke (Non c'è fuoco senza fumo). He saw √ smoke in the sky (ha visto il funo nel cielo)

In the fall the leaves change color (d'autunno le foglie cambiano colore)

The enemies fly over the landscape (i nemici volano soprea il paesaggio/panorama)

These flowers need special soil (terreno, suolo, terra). I have soil for the plants (ho della terra per le piante)

Write down your date of birth here (scrivi la tua data di nascita qui)

I have put down the telephone (ho messo giù il telefono)

I like the climate (mi piace il clima/ambiente)

The sun goes down in two hours (tramonta)

I turn on the light (accendo la luce)

Rice is the main crop (il riso è il raccolto principale). This weather is not good for the crops (questo tempo non fa bene al raccolto/i)

That room is full of dust (piena di polvere)

How much is this racket? (quanto costa questa racchetta?). How much do you pay a month for gas (o gasoline)? (quanto paghi al mese per la benzina? The car is out of gas (è senza benzsina)

Who has been on the moon?

we put our shoes by the fire or We put the shoes near the fire (vicino a ...)

He ends up in prison (finisce in carcere)

sometimes the trees do not allow us to see the forest (do not let us see); This allows people to talk on the Internet (he allows me, transitivo, permette a me intransitivo))

The stone is on the paper (il sasso è sulla carta)

The street goes down towards the station (scende verso la stazione)

 

2021.05.17 pronomi riflessivi

You always eat by yourself (da solo). The farmers eat by themselves (i contadini mangiano da soli). Many people travel by themselves (... da sole). Go by yourselves (andate da soli)

Come and see for yourselves (venite a vedere voi stessi, di persona). My aunt did not see herself in the mirror (allo specchio; or has not seen). She looked at herself in the mirror (si è guardata allo specchio).

Go tell him yourself (vai a dirglielo tu stesso, senza to)

What is the question we need to ask ourselves? (Qual è la domanda che ci dobbiamo chiedere?)

Make yourself at home (fa' come se fossi a casa tua)

Listen to yourselves! (ascoltatevi)

Each year I find myself in a different place (mi trovo in ...)

That shows how much we know about ourselves (ciò mostra quanto sappiamo di noi stessi)

How many times a day do you look at yourself in the mirror? (quante volte al giorno)

i want them all for myself (le voglio tutte per me)

 

2021.04.24 Oggetti astratti

I have not paid attention to my wallet (non sono stato attento ...) to pay paagare, rendere prestare

Respect is not free (il rispetto non è gratis). It is important to have respect towards other people (or for trhe other).

What is the result of my efforts? (...dei miei sforzi?)

The book is about religion (il libro tratta di religione). What religion do you believe in? (In che religione credi?)

interests interessi, faith fede fiducia, load carico, truth verità, scene scena; signature firma; lack mancanza; doubt dubbio; differenza tra permit e permission: permit=pezzo di carta, permission=autorizzazione; we need a permit to do this

I have given him permission to do what he wants to do (gli ho dato il permesso di fare come gli pare)

differenza tra many, much a lot of: si utilizza many con i sostantivi numerabili e much con i sostantivi non numerabili, a lot (of) con entrambi

each/every: si usano per gli insiemii numerabili: each rif ad ogni elemento del gruppo, anche diversi, every al gruppo di più elementi senza badare a distinzione. The situation is different each day (la situazione è diversa ogni giorno. I have tried every way (ho provato ogni modo). I have tea with every meal (bevo tè ad ogni pasto).

Reach/achieve: At least he tried to achieve that (almeno lui ha tentato di raggiungere quello); she tried to reach the train (raggiungere); it is not necessary to reach so far (arrivare così lontano); It does not reach the roof. We are able to achieve it together (ottenerlo assieme)

Consequences conseguenze; conversation discussione; attitude atteggiamento; danger pericolo; smile sorriso; murder omicidio; shadow ombra; trend tendenza; phrase, sentence: frase;

characters personaggi; it is not in my character/nature (non è nel mio catattere)

failure fallimento,

we believe in competition (crediamo nella concorrenza)

This word is French in origin (questa parola è di origine francese); my uncle is Italian in origin (or is of Italian origin)

Are there any damages? (ci sono dei danni?)

What are the benefits of wine (sarebbe errato dire wine's benefits)

Our experiences make us understand more (Le nostre esperienze ci fanno capire di più)

He made one attempt (ha fatto un tentativo)

Rhere was a lack of entries from Europe (C'era una mancanza di iscrizioni dall'Europa)

I am responsible for your behavior.

The soldier has good aim (il soldato ha una buona mira); Our aim is to find ... (il nostro obiettivo è ...)

I want her to read these directions (voglio che lei legga queste istruzioni)

Since then her behavior is excellent (da allora ...)

Here is my attempt to answer the question (Ecco il mio tentativo di rispondere alla domanda)

You need your dad's signature (Hai bisogno della firma del papà

Our adventure in Spain was a special experience (esperienza)

He has no more strength (non ha più forza)

He leaves through the exit (lui esce dall'uscita). The exit is on the other side (l'uscita è dall'altra parte). The entrance to the library is over there (l'ingresso alla biblioteca è da quella parte) or on that side

Consider, for instance, the lists (considera, per esempio, le liste; anche for example). There have been two instances like this one (Ci sono stati due casi come questo)

There is no doubt (non c'è dubbio); I do not have any doubts (non ho alcun dubbio).

The boy has a fear of dogs (ha paura dei cani). Now I have a new fear (ho un nuovo timore)

They are not objects of desire (non sono oggetti del desiderio)

We know of her existence.

But they have no possibilities of winning (ma non hanno possibilità di vincere)

It is a pleasure to meet all of you (è un piacere conoscervi). The pleasure is ours (il piacere è nostro)

Whose fault is it? (di chi è la colpa?) That was not my fault

What a surprise! (che sorpresa); She took me by surprise (mi prese di sorpresa)

Everyone is in favor of your idea (tutti sono a favore della tua idea). I want to ask you a big favor (voglio chiederti un grande favore); he has asked for my help (ha chiesto il mio aiuto),.

This is the mistake of the student (questo è lo sbaglio dello studente)

My daughter gives me so much joy (... mi dà tanta gioia); enjoy godere

It seems like a real honor to me (mi sembra un vero onore)

It is the main entrance of his house (l'entrata principale di casa sua)

We have many memories together (abbiamo molti ricordi assieme). I have a good memory (ho una buona memoria)

He just wants a little effort on your part (Lui vuole soltanto un po' di sforzo da parte tua)

Life is too short (la vita è troppo corta)

He gets the load of clothes (lui prende il carico di vestiti)

You go in that direction (Si va in quella direzione; anche we go)

You are in better shape than me (tu sei in forma più di me). What do you do to stay in shape?

We know of his existence (sappiamo della sua esistenza)

she has a desire to be a better person (lei ha un desiderio di essere ...)

i am ready for the consequences (sono pronta alle conseguenze)

It is a pleasure to be able to speak with you (or to talk to you) è un piacere poter parlare con te; I do not talk while I eat. I talked with her previously (in precedenza). I am happy that you have spoken (talked with) to me (sono felice che tu mi abbia parlato)

There was a great lack of rice that year (una grande mancanza / non a big lack)

I do not know how the truth has come out (non so come la verità sia venuta fuori)

the number is the same for each/every circle (il numero è uguale per ogni circolo). This is the circle of life (il circolo DELLA vita)

In reality he is a good citizen (in realtà lui è un buon cittadino)

conversation/discussion (conversazione/discussione)

we had given you a smile (ti avevamo dato un sorriso)

 

 

2021.04.16 Past perfect

He made believe that he had not heard me (ha fatto finta ...)

She had not earned anything (non aveva guadagnato niente)

That tradition was born in China (è nata in Cina, non era nata).

 

2021.04.14 pronomi relativi

WHO(M) Persone Complemento

WHICH / WHAT Animali + Cose Soggetto + Complemento

THAT    Persone + Animali + Cose Soggetto + Complemento Oggetto

WHOSE  Persone + Animali + Cose Complemento di Specificazione (Possesso)

with whom are you oppure whom are you with; whom do you have to look for (chi devi cercare?)

I know whose son you are.

This is the man whose brother has two children

I do not have the books of which they speak

What a long week

I do not know where he heard it from oppure I do not know from where he heard it

I had no idea where he was (non avevo idea di dove si trovasse)

what a good idea (che buona idea); What a tall boy he is!

the child who is not born (ausiliare essere)

It is the knife which is under the table. Tell me which piece you want. (tell me, non tell to me) It is the city of which I told you. We do not know which student has asked (non sappiamo quale studente l'abbia chiesto; omesso it); I see what really counts (davvero)

That is where the name of today's community comes from (quello è da dove è venuto iil nome ...)

For the one who likes to write (per quello cui piace scrivere; sarebbe errato dire for whom who ...)

I know whose son you are (so di chi sei figlio; errato whose you are son)

We had established the hours (avevamo stabilito). You had established a restaurant (fondato)

I had called you a few days ago (qualche giorno fa)

You had led the horses to the water (avevi condotto i cavalli all'acqua) (lead led led condurre guidare, ad es un gruppo)

The mother had taken him away (lo aveva portato via)

The plane had already taken off when I reached the airport (aveva già decollato)

They had cut the string (il filo)

 

2021.03.25 Infinitive

What period does it cover?

You have to increase the time (devi incrementare il)

We do not feel loved.

Please to meet you (piacere di conoscerti)

I need to apply it every two hours (ogni due ore). They need to apply (devono iscriversi); to apply you have to go in person (per fare domanda, bisogna andare di persona)

We do not want to stay at home tonight (non vogliamo restare a casa stasera)

Do not leave! (non andare via)

What time does he leave for the office? (a che ora parte per l'ufficio?)

We live together even though we are not a family (anche se non ...). Though she loves him, ... (Anche se lei lo ama, ... senza even)

I thought that someone was going with you (Pensavo che qualcuno andasse con te)

It is as though he were reading our minds (È come se lui ci leggesse nel pensiero); though=anche se

He wishes to improve his English (migliorare)

They know how to swim (sanno nuotare; idem know how to speak)

Let him stay at home if he wants!; Let me finish; At least let him buy you dinner (almeno lascia che ti offra la cena)

At least let him buy you dinner. (Almeno lascia che lui ti offra la cena).

He lets us swim  (let non vuole il to)

Then I started to understand (allora ho cominciato a capire)

Do you agree? (sei d'accordo?)

My mother does not allow √ shoes in the house (... non permette le scarpe in casa: nb no articolo x scarpe sì per casa).

These shoes do not fit me [well] (... non mi stanno bene); she does not fit in that car (non ci sta); It fits him perfectly (gli sta perf);

Things are not always as they appear (come appaiono); You have to appear in person (devi mostrarti di persona)

How do you produce one? (come se ne produce uno?)

Do you want to wait for me? (vuoi aspettarmi?). I want her to wait for me (voglio che lei mi aspetti)

Do I really need to explain why? devo veramente spiegare perché? Do I need to explain it again (devo spiegarlo ancora?)

She does not affect me (lei non ha effetto su di me). How does it effect this site (come influisce su questo sito?). How do they affect students and teachers? (Come riguardano gli studenti e gli insegnanti?)

Do the girls beat the boys?  sconfiggere; I want to beat a record battere un primato

It is impossible to hate this friend of yours (è impossibile odiare questa tua amica); It is not good to hate (non fa bene odiare).

He works to forget (lavora per dimenticare)

She does not introduce me to her brother (lei non mi presenta a suo fratello - perché non A?)

There is no time to lose (non c'è tempo da perdere). Do you want me to lose my mind? (vuoi che perda la testa?)

I had more than one choice of how to respond.

I want her to read this book (voglio che lei legga questo libro)

Do you want to shut the window? (chiudere)

I am here to recover my daughter (per recuperare); she returned home to reecover

I do not want to see you suffer

I do not remember them (Io non mi ricordo DI loro)

He is here to stay (Lui è qua per restare)

He loves to build (Lui adora costruire)

I do not believe he wanted it (Non credo che lui l'abbia voluto)

Will you leave me one of them (Me ne lasci uno?)

Do you want him to answer? (vuoi che risponda?)

We live together even though we are not a family (Abitiamo insieme anche se non siamo una famiglia)

He wants to learn [how] to cook (vuole imparare a cucinare)

Let us go swim at the pool (andiamo a nuotare il piscina)

at least let him buy you dinner (almeno lascia che lui ti offra la cena)

Then I started to understand (allora ho cominciato a capire)

They do not let me develop (non mi permettono di sviluppare)

Does it not count? Non conta?

Does your mother agree? (è d'accordo vs m?)

he does not accept change Lui non accetta il cambiamento

This hotel does not serve lunch (non offre)

Is there a way to prevent it? (c'è un modo ...)

It took almost five hours to produce one image (ci volevano quasi 5 ore per ...)

They made me wait for a long time (mi feceto aspettare per ...

How do you produce one (come se ne produce uno?)

I want to beat last year's record (voglio battere il primato dell'anno scorso)

I do not want to see you suffer (vederti soffrire)

What does she feel for her husband? (cosa prova per suo marito?)

We do not want to stay home tonight (restare a casa)

I want to believe (lo voglio credere)

I do not like to assume things about; (Non mi piace presumere cose riguardo la gente; people è plurale). He assumes that the answers are wrong (presume che). We have assumed you were sisters. We had assumed the same (avevamo immaginato ...). Assume / suppose = supporre

How do you define √ success (come definisci il successo)

to learn how to .. (imparare a ...); to know how to write (saper scrivere)

I do not know how sad he is (non so quanto sia triste)

His idea made it possible to produce more cars (ha reso possibile)

Dead / died: è aggettivo, mentre died è past simple o participio passato

 

2021.03.03 Present Perfect (vedi coniugazione verbi)

Where has she been?

We have never been friends

It has not rained all day.

They are like yhose from previous weeks (loro sono come quelle delle scorse settimane)

He has not eaten today

Now I have told you everything (ora ti ho detto tutto)

I wanted to be a writer since I was eight years old

NOTA BENE I SEGUENTI: cambio di tempi e da/for

She has not seen him for seven years (Lei non lo vede da sette anni: vedi che traduce come se fosse lei non lo ha visto per sette anni). I have known her since she was a child (la conosco da quando era una ragazza). My friends have not spoken with him since Tuesday (non gli parlano da martedì). On Tuesdays the entrance is free (di martedì l'ingresso è gratis: nota il plurale). They have not paid me since last month (non mi pagano da ...). They are lived here for ten years (vivono qui da 10 anni)

We have lived together for sixty years (viviamo insieme da 60 anni)

since today (fin da oggi)

He has just come to the table (è appena venuto a tavola); You have come from the hotel (sei arrivato dall'albergo); Where has she come from? (da dove è vebuta?)

I told you so (te l'avevo detto). He has told me (me l'ha detto)

she has not come yet to see my house (lei non è ancora venuta a vedere la  ia casa)

No one has called him by this name.

The town has become poor.

The director has developed a few ideas (alcune idee)

I have taken one for you (Ne ho preso uno per te); They have taken her away (l'hanno portata via)

She asks a question (fa una d), ma I ask for a plate of pasta; He has asked me to open the door. I need to shut the door. The waiter has asked everybody; I have not asked for anything (non ho chiesto nulla). He does not respond to any questions (non risponde a nessuna domanda)

Why did you ask me? (perché hai chiesto a me?) I want to ask you a question (voglio farti una domanda).

I ask questions to learn more (faccio domande per imparare di più);

Ask your boyfriend why Chiedi perché al tuo fidanzato! Ask anybody (chiedi a chiunque).

He has sent two letters.

A decade ago (un decennio fa)

A week ago she said yes again

We have turned into women (siamo diventate donne); The farm has turned into a restaurant. We have turned to the teacher (Ci siamo girati verso l'insegnante)

He has also tried (anche lui ha tentato);

We have met on the island (ci siaamo in contrati sull'isola); I have met her in France (l'ho conosciuta in Francia)

My parents have forced me to go with them (mi hanno obbligato)

She has always felt important (si è sempree sentita importante)

it is the first time the train has stopped there in four years (È la prima volta che il treno si è fermato lì da quattro anni)

The time has arrived to close (è arrivato il tempo di chiudere)

I have missed you (mi sei mancato NB inversione soggetto/oggetto); our house is nice but i miss the old one (... ma mi manca quella vecchia)

Three hours have already passed (sono già passate tre ore)

The worst has passed already (il peggio è passato)

I have never said I do not like your yard (Io non ho mai detto che non mi piace il tuo cortile; o courtyard)

I have allowed one person to enter (Ho permesso ad una persona di entrare)

I have read almost every one of her books (quasi ognuno)

They are like those from previous weeks Loro sono come quelle delle scorse settimane

I have heard enough (Ne ho sentito abbastanza)

We have not paid for the chicken (non abbiamo pagato il pollo)

I have already had breakfast (ho già fatto colazione)

We have just left (Siamo appena andati via)

the summer comes earlier (viene prima)

They have put their pants on (Loro si sono messi i pantaloni) ma anche They have put on their pants; We have not put our shoes on yet.

I have taken one for you (Ne ho preso uno per te)

I have taken two classes (ho frequentato due corsi)

Even he has tried (anche lui ha tentato)

I have not met his wife (non ho conosciuto sua moglie)

The farm has turned into a restaurant (La fattoria è diventata un ristorante)

I have not forced you to do anything (non ti ho costretto a fare niente)

The milk has gone bad (Il latte è andato a male)

I have never felt this happy (non mi sono mai sentita così felice)

I have done it (ce l'ho fatta)

It started three weeks ago (è cominciato ... Sarebbe sbagliato it has started)

he changed / he has changed / he got changed (lui si è cambiato)

I have never met him (non l'ho mai conosciuto)

I think my moment has come (penso che sia arrivato il mio momento)

He has won two of them in the last three years (ne ha vinti due negli ...)

We have never lived in the city (in città - italiano senza articolo, inglese con articoloo, viceversa soup la zuppa)

He has never known anything else (Non ha mai saputo nient'altro). He had found out too much (lui aveva saputo troppo)

Ten years have passed since he died (sono passati 10 anni da quando è morto)

i have come to speak with you (sono venuto per parlarti)

i have never walked to your house (non ho mai camminato fino a casa tua)

 

2021.02.21 Adjectives-inflexion

I believe it is best if I do not enter (Credo che sia meglio che io non entri)

My girlfriend is prettier than other women.

more than one in five are without water (più di uno su 5 è ...)

Our best friend is a doctor (è dottore)

The cats are large because they eat and eat (sono grossi)

We are hot (abbiamo caldo); It is very hot (fa tanto caldo)

he is an able man (è un uomo in gamba) or he is a capable man

give me some strong coffee (dammi del caffé forte)

We have a very clear map (mappa molto chiara)

Both [of the] lawyers are rich

he seems to be rich (sembra che sia ricco)

I love you more than anybody else (più di chiunque altro)

The restaurant bathroom is big (il baglo del ristorante:  senza of nè 's)

my hat is big (è largo)

My car is smaller than my boyfriend's.

How much bigger are you than him? (di quanto sei più grande di lui?)

He is my younger brother.

My sister is older than my brother (+ grande)

They are more or less the same

She lives in a large house (grande)

The hat is free (gratuito)

The square is full of people (piena di gente)

The cats are large because they eat and eat (sono grossi)

The food is not bad (non è male)

Nothing special, in short (niente di speciale, insomma)

He is one that works hard (uno che lavora duro)

I am short (sono basso)

It is better to give than to receive (è meglio dare che ricevere)

my mother is (doing) better (sta meglio)

I think that I know English better than French (penso di conoscere l'inglese meglio del francese)

it is better that they change jobs (è meglio che cambino mestiere)

It is very hot (fa tanto caldo)

It is cheaper to go by bus (è più economico andare in pullman

I want to be able to speak English (voglio poter parlare inglese; oppure able of walk oltre che able to walk)

Do you want him to answer? (vuoi che lui risponda?)

Differenza tra pretty e nice: pretty is used mainly for appearance (soprattutto per le donne); nice can be used for both appearance and personality

You are very pretty tonight (sei molto carina stanotte; sbagliato usare nice)

She is nicecarina, simpatica; sarebbe sbagliato tradurre bella)

The hotel was pretty; this flag is very pretty

It is pretty hot here (fa piuttosto caldo qui; avverbio)

You are so strong! (come sei forte)

You have some nice dresses (Avete dei vestiti belli)

They are nice (sono simpatici)

Give me some strong coffee! (dammi del caffè forte)

There are no classes in August (lezioni)

i am happy that you kept her (sono contento che tu l'abbia tenuta)

i am happy that you came (sono contento che tu sia venuta)

I am strong like her

He seems to be rich (sembra essere ricco)

The fair is full of people (la fiera è piena di gente)

Do you think this is fair?(pensi che questo sia giusto?)

It is a very sharp object (molto appuntito)

She had to be here at two sharp (doveva essere qui alle due in punto)

The coffee is cold (freddo); the wind is cold today

The dog is small and weak (e debole)

It is possibly worseprobabilmente peggio); Today the food is worse than yesterday (comparativo)

Who is your worst enemy? (peggior nemico - superlativo). This is the worst wine they have.

They say that this is the worst hotel (dicono che questo è il peggior albergo)

We are tall and strong (alti e forti)

The girls in my family are tall (le ragazze della mia faliglia sono alte).

So, what else is new? (allora, che altro c'è di nuovo?)

The young man lives in an old house (il giovane abita ...)

She is less than thirty years old

the street is free

I believe it is best if I do not enter (credo che sia meglio che io non entri)

the street is full of cars

These living rooms are very large (soggiorni)

my mother is a short woman (bassa)

the food is not bad (non è male)

he is capable of walking (able to walking) (lui è capace di camminare)

Is it cheaper to call after nine? (più economico)

I was not able to see the screen (I could not see ...)

Everything he says is true (tutto ciò che lui dice è vero)

The cat is a nice animal (simpatico)

it is sad but true (è triste ma è così)

I hope you had a nice trip (Spero che tu abbia fatto un bel viaggio; ma we do not continue the journey

sharp affilato

Where do the rich families live? (non where do live)332q

They say that this is the worst hotel Dicono che questo è l'albergo peggiore

She was supposed to be here at nine o'clock sharp (avrebbe dovuto essere qui alle 9 in punto).

My family is not that big (non è tanto grande)

it is not easy (oppure simple) non è facile

Oscar gets in a taxi (sale su un taxi).

I know [that] you are rich (so che sei ricca)

it is ready (pronto); He won a good six times (ha vinto ben sei volte)

it is not necessarly true (Non è detto che è così)

the citizens here are short (sono bassi)

I was better off without you (stavo meglio senza di te)

It has not rained much today (non ha piovuto molto oggi; sarebbe errato dire it has rained not much today)

it is not necessarly true (Non è detto che sia così)

we never used to drink orange juice (non bevevamo mai il succo d'arancia)

He finally started to recover (lui finalmente ha cominciato a recuperare)

they never pay any attention to me (non mi prestano mai attenzione)

The book is about religion (il libro tratta di religione). I told my mother about my conversation with him. I give him a book about wine production

 

2021.02.01

The bridge is under construction (è in costruzione)

Every/any agreement is impossible; we need to come to an agreement (dobbiamo arrivare a un accordo)

Not all the reviews were positive (recensioni)

here everything is in order (qui è tutto regolare)

We have another bottle just in case  ( ... giusto in caso)

Do not tell me it was just an act (non dirmi che fosse solo un atto)

by the way (a proposito, comunque)

He is out of his mind (è fuori di testa)

my name is on the list (nella lista).

They walk all the way to our house (camminano fino a casa nostra).

What exactly is its value? oppure what is his value exactly?

Not everyone has these opportunities

The union believes that everybody has the same rights (tutti hanno gli stessi diritti)

Her one wish was to see her son again (il suo unico desiderio era ...)

Do you have enough entries? (avete abbastanza iscrizioni?) entries = anche voci di un libro

This house is large enough for your family (abbastanza grande: nota ordine inverso.

How important are the votes (i voti, anche grades)?

Spring has this effect on me (la primavera mi fa questo effetto)

The degree takes four or five years (la laurea richiede quattro o cinque anni)

My uncle wrote this letter of introduction (di presentazione)

What are your views? quali sono i tuoi punti di vista

 

 

2021.01.28

purpose scopo

Show me the evidence of his birth.

I have one degree  ho una laurea (oppure I have a university degree)

I have no choice non ho scelta

My choice is different from yours

He won four awards ha vinto 4 premi

I am in charge of the book section mi occupo (sono responsabile, ho in carico) della sezione libri

What is the subject of your last novel? del tuo ultimo romanzo?

Are you all in first grade? siete tutti in prima classe? (prima elementare?)

I want to take a rest voglio prendere una pausa (o riposo)

Do you want the rest of my sandwich? (il resto di)

what's the charge against you? qual è l'accusa contro di te?

The police have the evidence (la polizia ha le prove: inglese plurale/sing, italiano singolare/plurale)

The police have your record (ha il tuo verbale) (nota have plurale)

His name is not in the records (non è negli archivi o verbali)

The girls walk along the water's edge   (lungo la riva /il bordo dell'acqua)

He was always kind to me  gentile con me

this system does not work (non funziona)

This telephone is out of order (fuori servizio)

I love you the way you are (come sei)

 

2021.01.26e27

We take an umbrella in case it rains.

Do you know the way?  ma The office is at street level.

What type of dog is it? (oppure what kind of...)

You have a call!

i am sorry i have no change (il resto)

The contents of the box are special (plural! il contenuto)

The equipment for this job is expensive; the equipment was for opening the box (gli attrezzi erano per aprire la scatola)

The performance was almost over lo spettacolo era quasi finito

He left during the performance (è andato via durante lo spettacolo)

What does he think of this activity?  Cosa ne pensa di

They are on the same side dalla stessa parte

what is the issue? (qual è la questione? sarebbe errato what is the question)

That is not the issue (non è quello il problema)

it is a matter of control (è una questione di controllo)

I walk by her side (al suo fianco)

Now it is your turn.

production department

The guard is responsible FOR our protection

These problems HAVE NO effect on us

She lost all hope ogni speranza

What is a union? cosa è un sindacato?

the book has many entries ha molte voci

 

2021.01.15 I did not do that.

he did not answer me (non mi ha risposto, senza to)

i did not use to drink coffee (non bevevo caffè)

we did not want to tell you (non volevamno dirtelo) vedi i verbi dire

I did not want them to see me in there non volevo che mi vedessero là dentro

Why did you not tell me it? Perché non me l'hai detto?  oppure Why haven't you told me?

He has told me it (me l'ha detto)

Why did you not tell me that? Why did he not talk to her on the phone?

She did not hear me to say that. I did not hear you calling (non ti ho sentito chiamare)

did something happen? (è successo qualcosa?)

at what time did he leave? (a che ora è partilo?)

why did this have to happen? (perché è dovuto accadere questo?)

Which road did you follow?

he did not even want to know my name

I did not know that he knew everybody.

Did you follow him to the building? (seguito al palazzo?)

 

↑202a.mm.gg ORDINE DELLE PAROLE We also eat the root (mangiamo anche la radice) però He also has a mirror si traduce in pure lui ha uno specchio; he has also tried (anche lui ha tentato or Even he has tried). Anche lei ha una bici even she has a bicycle oppure she also has a bicycle. Do they also come? We even have a fish soup (abbiamo anche una zuppa di pesce). He did not even say one word (non disse neanche una parola). He did not even want to know my name (non volle sapere nemmeno il mio nome). You never have time for ... We finally see a positive thing. She always believes me (anche in me, ma se c'è in). Sono tue le forbici rosse? Are the red scissors yours? I slowly opened the door; We generally eat fish on Friday. Generally we all eat at the table together (Generalmente mangiamo a tavola tutti assieme). We already know the answers. What exactly do you want? (cosa vuoi esattamente?). It is not there yet (non è ancora là); He is clearly not a boy (chiaramente lui non è un ragazzo).. I know the city well (conosco bene  ...). What do the newspapers say? My friend and I ... (io e i miei amici ...)

 

↑2020.11.gg PLURALI/Singolari. The cat watches the fish (guarda i pesci). The youth look for answers (la gioventù cerca risposte: è plurale); the people look (la gente guarda: è plurale: persone. The couple runs with their dog (verbo al singolare, aggettivo al plurale). I do not have any answers (non ho alcuna ... nota anche il plurale); do you have any other dresses? (avete qualche altro vestito?) The boys’ cat il gatto dei ragazzi (plurale perché non è boy’s)

 

↑2020.10.15 NUMERI. I live on the first floor (abito al 1°p). They live for five months (vivono 5 mesi). He goes forty an hour (va ai 40 all'ora). It is ten thirty sono le 10 e trenta. I have enough room (spazio). We drink one bottle per hour (all'ora); pair paio; one more please. I have a million friends (di amici). The numbers are not final yet (non ancora definitivi). I see fourteen different people (14 persone: non peoples). I see thousands of them. I am in the fourth year (sono al 4° anno). I eat one egg a day, I eat one egg per day (al giorno). They live for eighteen months (vivono 18 mesi). I am in the fourth year (al 4°). He runs one meter per second. In fifty years (fra 50 anni). Please come in three days (tra 3 giorni)

 

↑2020.10.08 DETERMINATIVI: Which one is your cat? ma anche which is your cat?. Ma Which bag is yours (qual è la tua borsa?). Which road did you follow? What is the departure time? What is the population of the city? (qui la regola[1] per Which/what). Everybody hears me. (tutti mi sentono: nb sing/plur). There is no salt. You all eat the cheese (voi ... per distinguere da tu). Both of the streets go to the station. I know both of the girls. The other one loves me more. Are there any rooms available? We eat such fruit. Who is the other one? Each one of my dogs is white. Each one of us is a lady = each of us is a lady. Everyone loves him (tutti lo amano: singolare!). Soup is the answer to everything (la risposta a tutto). I like everything except for the shoes.  Nobody (nessuno) speaks to me. I do not have anything in ... (non ho niente ; anything=qualsiasi cosa); Is anybody home? (c'è qualcuno a casa?). At least, I am like this/that (almeno, io sono così). No place is like my home. (nessun posto) Are they all the same? There is nothing serious (non c'è niente di grave); There is nothing serious (non c'è niente di ). The pool has no water (è senz'acqua). Is anybody there? (c'è nessuno?). None for me (nessuna per me). None of us are perfect. I have a few friends (ho un po' di ). I have few books (pochi, alcuni). Is there anything else wrong? (c'è qualcos'altro che non va?). It is someone else (è qualcun altro). The whole family eats this bread (tutta la famiglia). The party continues the whole night (senza per?). The other women (le altre donne - non others). Never use this sugar (non don't use). What is that spoon for? (per che cos'è quel,,,). I am not tired at all (non sono stanco per nulla). He is too tired to study. Are they all the same? (sono tutti uguali?). We know each other (ci conosciamo). Is such a thing possible? (è possibile una cosa simile?). Are there any rooms available? = are there available rooms?. Someone is always on time (in orario); everyone in town knows his name. The book found is not the one that I wanted (non è quello che).

 

↑2020.09.22 VIAGGI: suitcase valigia; blackpacks zaini; motorcycle; plane, airplane; vehicle; ship (nave); map (cartina); subway metropolitana; abroad (all'estero); transportation is expensive (i trasporti sono ...). I return to France

 

↑2020.09.20 VERBI  swim (con una m sola); nobody listened to me; what do you listen to in the car? it appears she has (sembra che /senza that, ma anche con); dry asciugare; they reserve one night (prenotano ...). We spend the day together (passiamo il giorno ..). The wall supports the roof (sostiene, anche mantenere i figli). The road continues for a bit (continua per un po') . She presents her daughter to me (mi presenta). We deliver at night (consegniamo di notte). The train leaves at nine. DIRE: differenza tra tell (informare), say, speak, talk (conversare). She tells him she loves him (senza that, ma he tells her that it is impossible). She feels well (si sente b). The door opens (si apre). The restaurant opens in February (apre a F). He puts the plate on the table (in tavola); he puts salt on top (mette sopra; non basta on). Put your glasses on, so you see it! (metti gli occhiali così la vedi). He puts his clothes on (si mette i vestiti). Put some sugar in the coffee! (metti dello zucchero) She wishes for more (desidera di più). He tries again later (prova ancora dopo)... as you wish; I wish for a son; she search for her brother. She sets the table (apparecchia). He sets the date (fissa la data). He sets the date (fissa). Do I need to set the date? (devo fissare la data?) My son sets the table (apparecchia). It gets more interesting (diventa). He talks on the telepfone (parla al t). He talks to the cook (parla col cuoco). He serves wine to the women (offre) ma he serves me the food (senza to me) He gets wine. He demands food (richiede cibo). He fits in the car (ci sta). I hate Mondays (senza the). I go when my father allows (senza it senza to me: vado quando me lo permette); [però perché qui vuole it? → il loro padre lo permette: their father allows it]. I count to ten (conto fino a 10). she tries on the shoes  (lei si prova le scarpe). It gets more interesting (diventa più interessante).

VERBI PASSATI My friends made me visit the city (mi han fatto visitare la città). We made all of it (noi l'abbiamo fatta tutta). We have not yet started (non abbiamo ancora iniziato). You thought of the same thing (hai pensato alla stessa cosa). I was thinking the same thing (pensavo la stessa cosa). Yes, he knew (sì lo sapeva). Beat (picchiare, sconfiggere); perform (recitare, suonare; the girls performed two pieces hanno suonato due pezzi). I felt that it was completely wrong Ho avuto l'impressione che ...). The professor kept the key (si è tenuto la ). He kept his word (ha mantenuto la sua parola). A fork fell of the table. He answered the phone (al telefono). He stayed in the hotel (è stato nell'albergo). I talked to someone else (parlato con qualcun altro). How have you entered my room? (senza nella). They do not let me sleep (non mi lasciano dormire: let senza to sleep come il do)

 

↑2020.09.15 PERSONE enemy nemico; committee comitato; foundations (fondamenta, fondazioni); conference convegno; youth gioventù; couple coppia; individual (in diividuo-persona) I have the individual for you; they are negative people; relations relationships rapporti; A woman is not always a lady (signora, padrona); cook cuoco; mother mum, father dad (madre mamma, padre papà); Mrs missis; siblings (sorelle e fratelli)

 

↑2020.08.21 OGGETTI: chair (seggiola), spoon (cucchiaio), bowl (ciotola); bottle (bottiglia); cellphone (telefonino); soap (sapone); desk (scrivania); razor (rasoio); bedsheets (lenzuola); toothpaste, toothbrush; bag (sacchetto, borsa); wheel (ruota); sponge (spugna), roof (tetto), cabinet (credenza), Santa (Babbo Natale); scissors (forbici); pan (padella); cup (tazza, bicchiere); string (filo); sheet (foglio/lenzuolo; piece (pezzo) da non confondere con peace (pace); sheet of paper (foglio di carta o semplicemente foglio sottinteso di carta, ma in in inglese si specifica of paper); novel (romanzo); comb (pettine); powder (polvere); knife (coltello); fork (forchetta); battery, lamp, chair (sedia); bell (campanello); soup (zuppa: senza articolo I make soup with ...); powder (polvere); sofa (divano); glasses (bicchieri; occhiali); paper (carta) piece of paper (foglio); clock  (orologio da muro), watch (orologio da polso); beans (fagioli); fries (patatine fritte); some shirts (qualche maglia);

 

↑2020.07.30 LUOGHI: i go into the restaurant (entro nel); the animal plays on the ground (per terra); she works at the museum; she works on the farm; the inside (l'interno); I do not want to go anywhere (da nessuna parte). Where were you last night? (dov'eri ieri sera?). Where does knowledge come from? (da dove viene la conoscenza?).  Where do they want to take us? (dove ci vogliono portare?). is your neighborhood? (quartiere); the towns are differetn (i paesi sono ...); The cat sleeps on top of the dog (sopra il ); yard o courtyaard (cortile). The hotel is on a famous avenuein un viale famoso...); we go to the bar on the corner; border (confine); it is different in the islands; my parents live on the islands (sulle); district/zone (distretto/zona); farm (fattoria); the boat is in the port (è al porto); floor (piano di un edificio, pavimento). Normally he comes to the table after six (viene a tavola). Take the first street on the right (la prima a destra). She lives on the west coast.

SCUOLA: The program works (funziona). I write you a note (biglietto). My parents pay for my education. (pagano la mia istruzione). Parents are responsible for the education of their own children. We have passed the test (abbiamo superato l'esame). Of course! (certamente). The courses (i corsi). He takes two classes (segue 2 corsi); the next class is history (la prossima lezione è). The lecture is today (lezione). She goes to two universities (frequenta). The students design their presentations (progettano).What is college like? Com'è l'università? I like teaching history. My brother is a college student (è universitario). His sons are in college (sono all'università). The class finished (la lezione è finita)

 

↑2020.07.22 PRONOMI She has her own cats (lei ha i propri gatti); parents are responsible for the education of their own children (responsabili dell'educazione dei loro figli); the boy takes the dog with him (porta il cane con sé); she takes my sugar (lei prende il mio zucchero); she answers the questions (lei risponde alle domande); we rest in the afternoon (riposiamo di pomeriggio); I trust him (ho fiducia in lui, mi fido di lui); I think of her day and night; she thinks about me (mi pensa);

 

↑2020.06.26 The cook (cuoca) cooks the food. Waitress (cameriera); I read an hour a day (un'ora al giorno)

 

↑2020.06.15 <Watch President Obama's Commencement Message.msg>

 

↑2020.05.22 da valutare https://theenglishacademy.mykajabi.com/optin-lewm

 

↑2020.05.11 AGGETTIVI ; naugthy cattivo disobbediente; sad triste; pleased lieto; selfish egoista; rude maleducato; bossy prepotente; charming affascinante; steal rubare; cheat imbrogliare; stubborn testardo; moody lunatico; affectionate affettuoso; reliable affidabile; sensible sensibile; sensitive sensibile; spoilt viziato; hurt male; trust fiducia; moods stati d’animo; worried preoccupato; common sense buon senso; enjoy godere gustare; tiny molto piccolo; whales balene; starving affamato; huge enorme; filthy sporco; delighted ammirato; wedding matrimonio; laugh ridere; amazed stupito; fearful spaventato > terrified; effective (efficace)

I quite enjoy cycling, I really like cycling, I absolutely love cycling; like father like son tale padre tale figlio

Nearby I could smell my neighbour’s coffee as I was drinking mine: Lì vicino sentivo l'odore del caffè del mio vicino mentre bevevo il mio

Gently happily wisely greedily sadly violently: delicatamente felicemente saggiamente avidamente tristemente violentemente

Upstairs, hardly, quietly: di sopra, già, eppure, quasi, piano;

carefully, carelessly, hopefully, sloppy, fast: con attenzione, con noncuranza, si spera, sciatto, veloce

moreover, besides, unlike, stangely: inoltre, oltre, a differenza, stranamente,

daily, seldom, straight, bravely: ogni giorno, raramente, quasi, dritto, coraggiosamente

We take off our coats ci togliamo i cappotti; coats of arms stemmi; crest piccolo distintivo; leg gamba;

siblings fratelli; the woman goes out: la donna esce; she is your age lei ha la tua età

We are not against it non siamo contro. We like the fall ci piace l’autunno

Nota la differenza di pronuncia (if he walks, I walk) e (if he works, I work)

We are on stage siamo sul palcoscenico

you are non real (true) tu non sei vero

We read a bit leggiamo un pochino. I want a little bit io voglio un pochino.  It is dinner time è ora di cena.

I walk for an hour cammino per un’ora; Dinner is on me tonight: la cena la offro io stasera.

 

↑2020.04.20 riprendo Duolingo dopo tanto tempo. Whose tea is it Di chi è il tè?  whose coat is it di chi è il cappotto? Whose pens are these (ma anche whose are these pens); Ma whose are the shoes di chi sono le scarpe?

 

↑2019.12.gg loro mi dicono di sì they tell (non say) me yes. Shirt maglia camicia; He appeared without a shirt (senza camicia): skirt gonna; coat cappotto; shoe; clothes vestiti panni abbigliamento (uomo?); suit abito da uomo; dress vestito da donna; hat cappello

 

↑2019.03.19 AVVERBI you eat as much as you want; I am not as tired as you (sarebbe sbagliato dire so tired as you). He is neither a doctor nor a lawyer. I neither read nor write. Does neither of you have a sandwich? (nessuno di voi ha un panino?) I do not work either Saturday or Sunday (oppure I work neither Saturday nor Sunday, ma non usare doppia negazione I don't work neither). I don't walk, nor run oppure I neither walk nor run non cammino né corro. Me neither. Does neither of you have a sandwich? I know neither of them; neither of the girls works; nor me oppure me neither nemmeno io

Twice is too much. How much is it? Easily (facilmente); completely (completamente).

You drive the car however much you want (guidi la macchina quanto vuoi)

Nonetheless (ciò nonostante, tuttavia)

Their dog is still alive (ancora); there’s still time to register (c'è ancora tempo per registrarsi); The family is at dinner still; it is not there yet (non è ancora là); are we there yet (ci siamo già?); I have it already (ce l'ho già); she already decided (non she decided already). Is it Friday already? it is already almost (quasi) night. Currently (attualmente).

- Avverbi che vanno preposti al verbo o preposti rispetto all'italiano; We only stayed a few days (siamo rimasti solo pochi giorni): L'atleta mangia solo carne: The athlete only eats meat; sarebbe errato eats only meet. We only stayed a few days, I have only one (of them) left (me ne rimane uno solo). It is only a matter of time questione di tempo; she only eats fruit; I only have an hour; we only have tea; (only ≠ just); You only live once (si vive una sola volta); I only have half of the books. We only have two possibilities.He always wears blue shirts; my husband always reads; she always has time in the afternoon; Why are you always late? we even have a fish soup (abbiamo pure/anche una ..); Yes even him (pure lui); we also drink wine (beviamo anche vino; non anche noi beviamo); who also is there; what (altro) do you have? Who else is on the boat? Chi altro c'è sulla barca? The book is also available in Portuguese (disponibile pure in). If he is not vegetarian, he definitely (sicuramente) eats meet; just (solo, appena, proprio, ≠only): I just couldn’t wait non potrei proprio aspettare; (ma poi va posposto) he is just a child (è solo un bambino); it is just a mouse; it is just a bear oppure it is only a bear. It happened just like this (è accaduto proprio così). Do not tell me it was just an act (Non dirmi che fosse solo un atto). He is clearly not a boy (certamente lui non è un ragazzo. I read a about markets (sui mercati) ; we study at the same institute (nello stesso).

- Avverbi invece posposti rispetto all'italiano: me too; I love you too* ; I like your idea more (mi piace di più ...); We are approximately an hour away 

We do not have food, but at least we have water; see you soon presto; see you later; Whenever=quando; tell me when to start (dimmi quando partire). The book is pretty (piuttosto) interesting; It is possibly (forse) a bear; It is possibly her/him; we eat for approximately (circa) an hour; we have breakfast together (insieme); the workers work well together; there is coffee for later; enough (basta!)

It is possibly forse possibly; it is not too soon or it is not too early; why is he late? Exactly; then poi; once a month una volta al mese; it is really me sono veramente io; is it at least possible? è almeno possibile?

 

↑2019.03.10 PREPOSIOZIONI: He cooks Monday through Friday (nota la mancanza di from); Are the girls pretty at your school? (nella)

 

↑2019.03.06 Esercizio di reading. ALSO AVAILABLE FROM PENGUIN READERS

1) This is the story of Hapu. He lives in Ancient Egypt at the time of Queen Cleopatra. His father, Bak, has a small factory. He makes gold tables and chairs. Hapu helps him. He is a 'fireboy'. Every day he pushes a long handle up and down. The work is hot and very hard. But what can he and his father do? They are poor people. They need to make money.

2) Every evening they sit beside the Nile. Bak talks to his son about the factory, tomorrow's work - everything. “One day we're going to be very rich," he tells Hapu. "Are we?" The fireboy looks into his father's tired eyes. "Yes." Bak smiles. "I don't know how and I don't know when, but we are." Then he stands up. "Come on," he says. "It's late. Let's go home."

3) Three days later Hapu and Bak are making a table. It is very hot in the room. Suddenly Bak stops work. "What is it, father?" Hapu asks. "Is something wrong"? "I don't know," Bak answers,  he closes his eyes

“It's my head. I can't ..." And then he falls on the ground. "Father!" Hapu runs to Bak and puts one hand under his head. "Father - are you all right'?"

4) The next day Bak stays in bed, "I'm sorry Hapu," he says. "I want to work but I can't. I'm ill."

Hapu is very sad. "Father works too hard," he thinks. "That's why he's ill. We need more money - but what can I do?" Then he has an idea. "Of course!” he thinks. "I must make something for somebody very rich. Somebody like ... the Queen!"

5) Bak is ill for two weeks. In that time Hapu makes a lot of tables and chairs. But not only tables and chairs. He makes a gold necklace, too.

"There!" he thinks late one night. "It's ready." He smiles. The necklace is very beautiful. "Queen Cleopatra is going to like this," Hapu thinks. "She's going to pay a lot of money for it, too. I know she is."

6) The next morning he goes to Cleopatra's palace. The necklace is in a bag under his shirt.

"What do you want?" asks a palace guard. There are two guards. Each one has a sword.

"I want to see the Queen," Hapu answers.

Both guards laugh. "Go home, boy," says one of them. "Queen Cleopatra doesn't see people like you."

7) Hapu is very unhappy. "What do I do now?" he thinks. He leaves the palace and begins to walk home.

But ten minutes later he passes two men in the market. “Cleopatra's women are coming here tomorrow morning," says one. "They're arriving very early. They want to buy lots of new clothes for her."

"That's very good news," Hapu thinks.

8) The next day the fireboy gets up very early. He makes a cup of sweet tea for Bak. Then he goes to the market. "I can give the necklace to Cleopatra's women," he thinks. "They can give it to the Queen for me."

He waits and waits. For a long time nothing happens. Then music starts to play. A moment later Hapu sees a long line of people. They are coming from the palace.

9) Four men are carrying a very beautiful chair. A woman is sitting in it. Hapu puts one hand across his eyes. "It's the Queen!" he thinks. "She's coming, too!."

A minute later Cleopatra arrives. Suddenly everyone is very quiet. Then Hapu thinks, "This is the moment." He runs in front of Cleopatra's chair. "Stop!" he says. "Please. Stop!"

10) The Queen looks at him. "What do you want?" she asks. Hapu gives her the necklace.

"Is this really your work?" asks Cleopatra.

"Yes, yes it is," Hapu answers.

Guards!" says Cleopatra. "Give this boy some money."

She holds the necklace in her hands. "This is beautiful" she says. Then she leaves.

11) Hapu runs home. He is very, very happy.

Bak is in bed. "Look!" Hapu says. He shows the money from Cleopatra's necklace to his father.

"But how ...?" Bak closes his eyes, then opens them again. "I don't understand," he says. Hapu smiles, He sits down and tells his father everything. At the end of the story Bak says, "You're a good son, Hapu. Thank you."

12) That night Hapu looks up at the stars. "Now I can pay for a doctor to visit father," he thinks. "Then, after father is strong again ..."

But at that moment he stops. One of Cleopatra's guards is standing in front of him. He has a big sword. "Are you Hapu, son of Bak?" he asks. Hapu looks at him. "Yes. Yes, I am," he answers.

13) "Come with me," says the guard. "Queen Cleopatra likes your work. She wants to give you a job at the palace."

"But I have a job," Hapu says. "I work with my father. I can't leave him. You don't understand."

"No. You don't understand," the guard says. "When the Queen gives you a job, you take it. "He puts one hand on his sword. "Now go and say goodbye to your father."

14) At the palace Cleopatra talks to Hapu. She is wearing his necklace. "I want you to live here and make lots of beautiful things for me," she says.

"Thank you, Queen of the Nile," Hapu says. "But ... "

“But?" The Queen looks at Hapu

"But ... l can't live here. You see, my father is very ill and,.." Hapu tells the Queen everything.

15) At the end of Hapu's story. Cleopatra looks at him.

"All right," she says. "You can go home to your father. But ..."

"But?" asks Hapu.

"But from today, the two of you work only for me. Do you understand?"

"Oh yes!" Hapu smiles. He is very happy, Now he and his father can make lots of beautiful things and be rich.

"Yes, I understand."

 

↑2019.01.15 inizio un corso base di inglese organizzato dalla LILT; per amici prendo qualche appunto, aggiungo qualche vocabolo da <duolingo> e annoto qualche link di approfondimento: prego gli amici di segnalarmi eventuali errori; per riascoltare la pronuncia di frasi, potremmo usare il traduttore google

understand and being understood; accuracy or fluency?

brush up the language rusty rispolverare la lingua arrugginita

a high pitched voice   a voce acuta

She's not going to help me   non ha intenzione di aiutarmi (non mi aiuterà)

The train is leaving, I'm leaving tomorrow me ne vado domani: si usa il present continuous anche nel futuro se è certo, mentre il simple present si usa per azioni abituali o attività permanenti

where are you going tonight? Tomorrow I’m not going to school: l’avverbio di tempo fa già il futuro

Tomorrow this time I will be sleeping

I wounldn't do that if I ware you

I wait for yoy  ti aspetto

on Sunday; vedi canzone happy days: meno male che leggo il testo, perché nel cantato alcune parole non riuscirei ad intendere; più semplice questa breve canzone,

to shout urlare; to complain lamentarsi; to cry piangere

meat carne; caffé è la bevanda, mentre café è il bar

don’t call, they are having lunch;

differenze tra Breakfast, lunch, brunch, dinner, meal

kitchen cucina; in the corner; cupboard credenza-armadio; curtains tende; in front off; behind; near; 

They are at lunch (non They are eating)

we are making a big mistake (sbaglio)

I wear a sweater (non I’m are wearing a shirt)

drink milk (non drink the milk); bread pane; dishes stoviglie; plat/es piatto/i

We couldn’t find the page you’re looking for

pasta idem anche in inglese; cry piangere

we eat lunch pranziamo, we have dinner ceniamo; meat carne; knives coltelli (non si pronuncia la k)

Turtle tartaruga (non si pronuncia la rt), duck anatra, bdear orso, spider ragno, crab granchio

what time do you get up si chiede a che ora non genericamente quando (when)

pay attention fa’ attenzione; we pay more interest this year (paghiamo più interessi quest'anno).

non il 12 feb ma il 13 feb

lazy pigro, tired stanco, exhausted, an energetic person, full of energy

are you listening to me? Frank is talking with

it is not her non è lei; they have her ce l’hanno loro

the lemon is mine, the lunch is ours

Thank you and you are welcome grazie e prego

Bye ciao in commiato, Hi ciao in arrivo, goodbye arrivederci

the animal eats its food allenarsi alla pronuncia, come per la parola milk the cat drinks its milk, the fish is his dinner

pink rosa, purple viola,colorful colorato

go and see it vai a vederlo; please show me the menu

we are at dinner; I eat on your plate; the dogs see in black and white; where ar they from?

we eat as we walk mangiamo mentre camminiamo

what is the chicken for? They are among (tra) us; the milk is behind the cheese

I eat fruit, except for apples; whose book is it? Di chi è ...; why them perché loro?

what color is the shirt? Which is it? Qual è? Who are you with tonight? She is your age

Tomorrow in the afternoon; tonight stanotte; dinner is on me tonight; what is the date today?

in a year tra un anno; i need a bit of sugar; I eat fruit except for apples

we are not against it non siamo contrari

The wife of my uncle is my aunt la moglie di mio zio è mia zia; She and he are siblings (fratelli o sorelle); they are wives mogli

judge giudice, guard guardia, police officer, lawyer avvocato, waitress cameriera; wife/wives; career carriera; actor actress (attore attrice); policeman o police officer

dinner is on me tonight stasera offro io la cena; They ask me to finish by tomorrow (mi chiedono di finire entro domani);

 until when? Fino a quando? He speaks until you sleeps lui parla finché tu non dormi. I do not want to wait until tomorrow.

she is your age è della tua età; they are approximately the same age; it is the same è uguale; books in the fall libri in autunno;

tye animal eats its own food; expensive costoso caro; sad triste; wooden di legno; in general di solito (o generally o normally); main meal pasto principale.

what is wrong che cosa non va? Why are you afraid perché hai paura? the mouse is afraid of us ha paura di noi; she is not afraid of anything

sign firmare; i think about Elisa penso ad Elisa; we look at the menu guardiamo il menu; include coinvolgere

I remember him mi ricordo di lui;

raise crescere allevare; coffee comes after the meal

I trust him mi fido di lui; she answers the questions; i ask a question; on Sundays I rest mi riposo

I like women mi piacciono le donne; but it is special to me.

strict; amusing or funny; hungry not angry, rested, weird, lazy, boring, dear, loyal, wet, spotted, nervous, freezing cold; warm

severo rigoroso; divertente; affamato; arrabbiato; riposato; strano; svogliato; noioso; caro; leale; bagnato; macchiato; nervoso; freddo glaciale; caldo

2019.02.12 spot the differences

In front of the first building on the sidewalk there is a girl

- that plays guitar in the picture A end near the girl there is a sitting dog, while in the picture B the girl plays violin and there isn’t the dog

In the second building I don’t see any difference between picture A and picture B.

In the third building

- above the awning there is a sign, that says “Florist” in the picture A, while it says “Newsagent” in the picture B

- under the awning there are flowers and plants in the picture A, while there is a trestle (pedestal) display stand in the picture B

In the fourth building at the ground floor we see a customer who is coming out of the greengrocer's shop: he is holding a fruit basket in the picture A, but he is holding a bunch of flowers in the picture B

Near the café on the sidewalk under the umbrella sitting at the table there is a man and a woman who eat sandwiches in the picture A; in the picture B, instead, they drink a cup of tea. Near their table there is another table on the sidewalk with a sitting boy who makes crosswords in the picture A, while he writes postcards in the picture B

On the opposite sidewalk we see a man photographing two children who are eating ice-creams in the picture A, while in the picture B they are eating hot burgers (noi diciamo hamburgers)

The traffic on the street holds the right, from which we understand that this place is not in England.

On the street in the direction towards the observer we see a motorcycle with two people and a bus with many passengers in the picture B, while in the picture A on the motorcycle there is only the driver and in the bus we see only one passenger.

On the street in the opposite direction we see a car and in front of the car we see a bicycle led by a girl without a helmet in the picture B; in the picture A, instead, we don’t see the car anymore, while the cyclist has a helmet

 

↑2019.01.15 inizio corso inglese LILT

Vocaboli: meal pasto refezione farina macinato; food pranzo

 

↑2019.01.gg il corso di inglese ABA English è stato selezionato da Google come "Il Meglio del 2016": lo provo, ma dopo la prima lezione gratis propone il pagamento; passo a provare <duolingo>

 

↑2012.02.15 <repubblica> Nel Parlamento europeo i discorsi in aula si fanno parlando ognuno nella propria lingua, ma nelle commissioni le lingue usate sono soltanto inglese, francese e, più raramente, tedesco. Di fatto italiano e spagnolo sono diventate lingue comunitarie di serie B. L' inglese tollera più facilmente un vocabolario sguarnito e una costruzione della frase approssimativa; il francese, e l' italiano, sono più esigenti. O si conosce a sufficienza la lingua o è meglio evitare le trappole di una sintassi molto complessa. L' importante è evitare gaffe. Una scenetta che circola sulla rete mostra l' ex presidente del Consiglio che cerca di parlare con George W. Bush. Il suo inglese è così ridicolo che l' altro commenta beffardo: «Oh, you really speak a very good English». Il bello è che il nostro sembra prenderlo davvero per un complimento.

 

↑2009.07.13 Aiuto allo studio in lingua inglese: Unit 1 pag 14

 

2009.07.13 Aiuto allo studio: Unit1pag14 Modi di rispondere giusti ed errati

Presento Pietro

He’s Peter

This is Peter

2

Loro sono irlandesi?

Are they Irish?

They are Irish?

1

Ecco Kate. Il suo cognome è Wilson. Quella bici è sua.

This is Kate. Her surname is Wilson. That bike is her

This is Kate. Her surname is Wilson. That bike is hers

2

Hai cugini?

Have you got any cousins?

Have you got some cousins?

1

Cosa ti piace fare?

What do you like do?

What do you like doing?

2

Quante volte vai a in palestra?

How many times do you do to the gym? 3 times at the week

How often do you do to the gym? 3 times a week

2

A che ora fai colazione?

What time do you have breakfast?

What time do you have a breakfast?

1

Dove stai andando?

Where do you go?

Where are you going?

2

Solitamente ceniamo a casa, ma stasera ceno al ristorante, perché è il mio compleanno

We usually have dinner at home but tonight we are having dinner at the restaurant because it's my birthday (è una forma di futuro programmatico).

We usually have dinner at home but tonight we have dinner at the restaurant because it's my birthday.

1

Non ho da alzarmi presto

I don't have to get up early

I haven't to get up early

1

Jane ha da studiare molto

Jane has to study hard

Jane has study hard

1

Non c'era molta gente al mio party, ma c'era molto da mangiare.

There weren't many people al my party, but there was a lot of food.

There weren't much people al my party, but there was a lot of food.

1

Pam è più graziosa di Chris ed è anche la più interessante della scuola.

Pam is prettier than Chris and she's also the most interesting girl in the school

Pam is prettier that Chris and she's also the most interesting girl of the school

1

qual è il plurale di queste parole? match potato man dish boy lady church toy wife child play woman leaf foot trolley glass tooth city person video bus box knife bottle film secretary kiss stereo window class

+S boys toys trolleys videos bottles films stereos windows; +ES matches potatoes dishes glasses classes churches playes boxes busses kisses; +IES ladies cities secretaries; +VES wives leaves knives; IRREG. men children women feet teeth people

dish=piatto; wives=mogli; leaf=foglia; knife=coltello; feet=piedi; teeth=denti; trolley=carrello

 

 



[1] quando vengono usati in una domanda la differenza tra Which e What è che What indica possibilità di scelta illimitate, mentre Which invece riguarda una scelta limitata e definita di alternative. Per esempio: Which do you like? Mac or Windows? (Quale ti piace?)