L’INGLESE è la prima lingua internazionale, perciò è da imparare come primaria seconda lingua, ...

con buona pace di esperanto e di altre lingue magari più funzionali per la precisione semantica (come il tedesco) o perché assai promossa (come il francese 2ª lingua insegnata al mondo) o per il connubio con l’arte (come l’italiano 4ª lingua insegnata/mondo) o per il numero di persone che la parlano ordinariamente (come il cinese e lo spagnolo). Il che a prescindere dalle simpatie o antipatie per Uk e Us e per le loro influenze militari e finanziarie.

Links utili: <duolingo; GoogleTranslate, ...>

[Pagina senza pretese di esaustività o imparzialità, modificata 19/03/2019; col colore grigio distinguo i miei commenti rispetto al testo attinto da altri]

Pagine correlate: Uk, Us, Ue, italiano


2019.03.19 you eat as much as you want; Their dog is still alive; How much is it?; We even have a fish soup (abbiamo pure una zuppa di pesce); She only eats fruit; She is not here yet (non è ancora qui); We do not have food, but at least we have water (ma almeno abbiamo acqua); see you soon (a presto); who also is there (chi altro c’è?); see you later (a dopo)


↑2019.03.06 Esercizio di reading. ALSO AVAILABLE FROM PENGUIN READERS

1) This is the story of Hapu. He lives in Ancient Egypt at the time of Queen Cleopatra. His father, Bak, has a small factory. He makes gold tables and chairs. Hapu helps him. He is a 'fireboy'. Every day he pushes a long handle up and down. The work is hot and very hard. But what can he and his father do? They are poor people. They need to make money.

2) Every evening they sit beside the Nile. Bak talks to his son about the factory, tomorrow's work - everything. “One day we're going to be very rich," he tells Hapu. "Are we?" The fireboy looks into his father's tired eyes. "Yes." Bak smiles. "I don't know how and I don't know when, but we are." Then he stands up. "Come on," he says. "It's late. Let's go home."

3) Three days later Hapu and Bak are making a table. It is very hot in the room. Suddenly Bak stops work. "What is it, father?" Hapu asks. "Is something wrong"? "I don't know," Bak answers,  he closes his eyes

“It's my head. I can't ..." And then he falls on the ground. "Father!" Hapu runs to Bak and puts one hand under his head. "Father - are you all right'?"

4) The next day Bak stays in bed, "I'm sorry Hapu," he says. "I want to work but I can't. I'm ill."

Hapu is very sad. "Father works too hard," he thinks. "That's why he's ill. We need more money - but what can I do?" Then he has an idea. "Of course!” he thinks. "I must make something for somebody very rich. Somebody like ... the Queen!"

5) Bak is ill for two weeks. In that time Hapu makes a lot of tables and chairs. But not only tables and chairs. He makes a gold necklace, too.

"There!" he thinks late one night. "It's ready." He smiles. The necklace is very beautiful. "Queen Cleopatra is going to like this," Hapu thinks. "She's going to pay a lot of money for it, too. I know she is."

6) The next morning he goes to Cleopatra's palace. The necklace is in a bag under his shirt.

"What do you want?" asks a palace guard. There are two guards. Each one has a sword.

"I want to see the Queen," Hapu answers.

Both guards laugh. "Go home, boy," says one of them. "Queen Cleopatra doesn't see people like you."

7) Hapu is very unhappy. "What do I do now?" he thinks. He leaves the palace and begins to walk home.

But ten minutes later he passes two men in the market. “Cleopatra's women are coming here tomorrow morning," says one. "They're arriving very early. They want to buy lots of new clothes for her."

"That's very good news," Hapu thinks.

8) The next day the fireboy gets up very early. He makes a cup of sweet tea for Bak. Then he goes to the market. "I can give the necklace to Cleopatra's women," he thinks. "They can give it to the Queen for me."

He waits and waits. For a long time nothing happens. Then music starts to play. A moment later Hapu sees a long line of people. They are coming from the palace.

9) Four men are carrying a very beautiful chair. A woman is sitting in it. Hapu puts one hand across his eyes. "It's the Queen!" he thinks. "She's coming, too!."

A minute later Cleopatra arrives. Suddenly everyone is very quiet. Then Hapu thinks, "This is the moment." He runs in front of Cleopatra's chair. "Stop!" he says. "Please. Stop!"

10) The Queen looks at him. "What do you want?" she asks. Hapu gives her the necklace.

"Is this really your work?" asks Cleopatra.

"Yes, yes it is," Hapu answers.

Guards!" says Cleopatra. "Give this boy some money."

She holds the necklace in her hands. "This is beautiful" she says. Then she leaves.

11) Hapu runs home. He is very, very happy.

Bak is in bed. "Look!" Hapu says. He shows the money from Cleopatra's necklace to his father.

"But how ...?" Bak closes his eyes, then opens them again. "I don't understand," he says. Hapu smiles, He sits down and tells his father everything. At the end of the story Bak says, "You're a good son, Hapu. Thank you."

12) That night Hapu looks up at the stars. "Now I can pay for a doctor to visit father," he thinks. "Then, after father is strong again ..."

But at that moment he stops. One of Cleopatra's guards is standing in front of him. He has a big sword. "Are you Hapu, son of Bak?" he asks. Hapu looks at him. "Yes. Yes, I am," he answers.

13) "Come with me," says the guard. "Queen Cleopatra likes your work. She wants to give you a job at the palace."

"But I have a job," Hapu says. "I work with my father. I can't leave him. You don't understand."

"No. You don't understand," the guard says. "When the Queen gives you a job, you take it. "He puts one hand on his sword. "Now go and say goodbye to your father."

14) At the palace Cleopatra talks to Hapu. She is wearing his necklace. "I want you to live here and make lots of beautiful things for me," she says.

"Thank you, Queen of the Nile," Hapu says. "But ... "

“But?" The Queen looks at Hapu

"But ... l can't live here. You see, my father is very ill and,.." Hapu tells the Queen everything.

15) At the end of Hapu's story. Cleopatra looks at him.

"All right," she says. "You can go home to your father. But ..."

"But?" asks Hapu.

"But from today, the two of you work only for me. Do you understand?"

"Oh yes!" Hapu smiles. He is very happy, Now he and his father can make lots of beautiful things and be rich.

"Yes, I understand."


↑2019.01.15 inizio un corso base di inglese organizzato dalla LILT; per amici prendo qualche appunto, aggiungo qualche vocabolo da <duolingo> e annoto qualche link di approfondimento: prego gli amici di segnalarmi eventuali errori; per riascoltare la pronuncia di frasi, potremmo usare il traduttore google

understand and being understood; accuracy or fluency?

brush up the language rusty rispolverare la lingua arrugginita

tongue twister scioglilingua

a high pitched voice   a voce acuta

She's not going to help me   non ha intenzione di aiutarmi (non mi aiuterà)

The train is leaving, I'm leaving tomorrow me ne vado domani: si usa il present continuous anche nel futuro se è certo, mentre il simple present si usa per azioni abituali o attività permanenti

where are you going tonight? Tomorrow I’m not going to school: l’avverbio di tempo fa già il futuro

Tomorrow this time I will be sleeping

I wounldn't do that if I ware you

I wait for yoy  ti aspetto

on Sunday; vedi canzone happy days: meno male che leggo il testo, perché nel cantato alcune parole non riuscirei ad intendere; più semplice questa breve canzone,

mother mum, father dad (madre mamma, padre papà); Mrs missis

to shout urlare; to complain lamentarsi; to cry piangere

skirt gonna; shirt camicia; coat cappotto; shoe; clothes vestiti panni abbigliamento (uomo?); suit abito da uomo; dress vestito da donna; hat cappello

meat carne; caffé è la bevanda, mentre café è il bar

don’t call, they are having lunch;

differenze tra Breakfast, lunch, brunch, dinner, meal

kitchen cucina; in the corner; cupboard credenza-armadio; curtains tende; in front off; behind; near; 

They are at lunch (non They are eating)

we are making a big mistake

I wear a sweater (non I’m are wearing a shirt)

drink milk (non drink the milk); bread pane; dishes stoviglie; plat/es piatto/i

We couldn’t find the page you’re looking for

pasta idem anche in inglese; cry piangere

we eat lunch pranziamo, we have dinner ceniamo; meat carne; knives coltelli (non si pronuncia la k)

Turtle tartaruga (non si pronuncia la rt), duck anatra, bdear orso, spider ragno, crab granchio

what time do you get up si chiede a che ora non genericamente quando (when)

pay attention fa’ attenzione

non il 12 feb ma il 13 feb

The boys’ cat il gatto dei ragazzi (plurale perché non è boy’s)

lazy pigro, tired stanco, exhausted, an energetic person, full of energy

are you listening to me? Frank is talking with

dirty sporco

it is not her non è lei; they have her ce l’hanno loro

the lemon is mine, the lunch is ours

Thank you and you are welcome grazie e prego

Bye ciao in commiato, Hi ciao in arrivo, goodbye arrivederci

the animal eats its food allenarsi alla pronuncia, come per la parola milk the cat drinks its milk, the fish is his dinner

pink rosa, purple viola,colorful colorato

go and see it vai a vederlo; please show me the menu

we are at dinner; I eat on your plate; the dogs see in black and white; where ar they from?

we eat as we walk mangiamo mentre camminiamo

what is the chicken for? They are among us; the milk is behind the cheese

I eat fruit, except for apples; whose book is it? Di chi è ...; why them perché loro?

what color is the shirt? Which is it? Qual è? Who are you with tonight? She is your age

Tomorrow in the afternoon; tonight stanotte; dinner is on me tonight; what is the date today?

in a year tra un anno; fair fiera; stage scena; I need a bit of sugar; I eat fruit except for apples

we are not against it non siamo contrari

The wife of my uncle is my aunt; She and he are siblings; they are wives

judge giudice, guard guardia, police officer, lawyer avvocato, waitress cameriera; wife/wives

dinner is on me tonight stasera offro io la cena; i need it by tomorrow; he speaks until you sleeps lui parla finché tu non dormi

she is your age è della tua età; books in the fall libri in autunno; see you in a bit ci vediamo fra poco

tye animal eats its own food; expensive costoso; sad triste; wooden di legno; in general di solito; main meal pasto principale.

what is wrong che cosa non va? Why are you afraid perché hai paura? the mouse is afraid of us ha paura di noi

sign firmare; i think about Elisa penso ad Elisa; we look at the menu guardiamo il menu; i ask for a plate of pasta; include coinvolgere

I remember him mi ricordo di lui; as you wish; I wish for a son; raise crescere allevare; coffee comes after the meal

I trust him mi fido di lui; she answers the questions; on Sundays I rest mi riposo; see you ci vediamo

I like women mi piacciono le donne;

strict; amusing or funny; hungry not angry, rested, weird, lazy, boring, dear, loyal, wet, spotted, nervous, freezing cold; warm

severo rigoroso; divertente; affamato; arrabbiato; riposato; strano; svogliato; noioso; caro; leale; bagnato; macchiato; nervoso; freddo glaciale; caldo

she search for her brother


2019.02.12 spot the differences

In front of the first building on the sidewalk there is a girl

- that plays guitar in the picture A end near the girl there is a sitting dog, while in the picture B the girl plays violin and there isn’t the dog

In the second building I don’t see any difference between picture A and picture B.

In the third building

- above the awning there is a sign, that says “Florist” in the picture A, while it says “Newsagent” in the picture B

- under the awning there are flowers and plants in the picture A, while there is a trestle (pedestal) display stand in the picture B

In the fourth building at the ground floor we see a customer who is coming out of the greengrocer's shop: he is holding a fruit basket in the picture A, but he is holding a bunch of flowers in the picture B

Near the café on the sidewalk under the umbrella sitting at the table there is a man and a woman who eat sandwiches in the picture A; in the picture B, instead, they drink a cup of tea. Near their table there is another table on the sidewalk with a sitting boy who makes crosswords in the picture A, while he writes postcards in the picture B

On the opposite sidewalk we see a man photographing two children who are eating ice-creams in the picture A, while in the picture B they are eating hot burgers

The traffic on the street holds the right, from which we understand that this place is not in England.

On the street in the direction towards the observer we see a motorcycle with two people and a bus with many passengers in the picture B, while in the picture A on the motorcycle there is only the driver and in the bus we see only one passenger.

On the street in the opposite direction we see a car and in front of the car we see a bicycle led by a girl without a helmet in the picture B; in the picture A, instead, we don’t see the car anymore, while the cyclist has a helmet


↑2019.01.15 inizio corso inglese LILT


↑2019.01.gg il corso di inglese ABA English è stato selezionato da Google come "Il Meglio del 2016": lo provo, ma dopo la prima lezione gratis propone il pagamento; passo a provare <duolingo>


↑2012.02.15 <repubblica> Nel Parlamento europeo i discorsi in aula si fanno parlando ognuno nella propria lingua, ma nelle commissioni le lingue usate sono soltanto inglese, francese e, più raramente, tedesco. Di fatto italiano e spagnolo sono diventate lingue comunitarie di serie B. L' inglese tollera più facilmente un vocabolario sguarnito e una costruzione della frase approssimativa; il francese, e l' italiano, sono più esigenti. O si conosce a sufficienza la lingua o è meglio evitare le trappole di una sintassi molto complessa. L' importante è evitare gaffe. Una scenetta che circola sulla rete mostra l' ex presidente del Consiglio che cerca di parlare con George W. Bush. Il suo inglese è così ridicolo che l' altro commenta beffardo: «Oh, you really speak a very good English». Il bello è che il nostro sembra prenderlo davvero per un complimento.


↑2009.07.13 Aiuto allo studio in lingua inglese: Unit 1 pag 14


2009.07.13 Aiuto allo studio: Unit1pag14 Modi di rispondere giusti ed errati

Presento Pietro

He’s Peter

This is Peter


Loro sono irlandesi?

Are they Irish?

They are Irish?


Ecco Kate. Il suo cognome è Wilson. Quella bici è sua.

This is Kate. Her surname is Wilson. That bike is her

This is Kate. Her surname is Wilson. That bike is hers


Hai cugini?

Have you got any cousins?

Have you got some cousins?


Cosa ti piace fare?

What do you like do?

What do you like doing?


Quante volte vai a in palestra?

How many times do you do to the gym? 3 times at the week

How often do you do to the gym? 3 times a week


A che ora fai colazione?

What time do you have breakfast?

What time do you have a breakfast?


Dove stai andando?

Where do you go?

Where are you going?


Solitamente ceniamo a casa, ma stasera ceno al ristorante, perché è il mio compleanno

We usually have dinner at home but tonight we are having dinner at the restaurant because it's my birthday (è una forma di futuro programmatico).

We usually have dinner at home but tonight we have dinner at the restaurant because it's my birthday.


Non ho da alzarmi presto

I don't have to get up early

I haven't to get up early


Jane ha da studiare molto

Jane has to study hard

Jane has study hard


Non c'era molta gente al mio party, ma c'era molto da mangiare.

There weren't many people al my party, but there was a lot of food.

There weren't much people al my party, but there was a lot of food.


Pam è più graziosa di Chris ed è anche la più interessante della scuola.

Pam is prettier than Chris and she's also the most interesting girl in the school

Pam is prettier that Chris and she's also the most interesting girl of the school


qual è il plurale di queste parole? match potato man dish boy lady church toy wife child play woman leaf foot trolley glass tooth city person video bus box knife bottle film secretary kiss stereo window class

+S boys toys trolleys videos bottles films stereos windows; +ES matches potatoes dishes glasses classes churches playes boxes busses kisses; +IES ladies cities secretaries; +VES wives leaves knives; IRREG. men children women feet teeth people

dish=piatto; wives=mogli; leaf=foglia; knife=coltello; feet=piedi; teeth=denti; trolley=carrello